TBI with PCS Research Studies

The brain is a wonderful thing, even after an injury or accident it can develop new pathways. By learning to rely on the areas of the brain not affected. Survivors can compensate for their new difficulties as well as discover new strengths. No one person will be affected exactly in the same way.


Many medical facilities don’t know how to recognize TBI so please find links below for research studies underway to improve treatment of TBI with long term PCS.


Leading Medical Studies:

Traumatic Brain Injury - TBI with long term Post Concussion Syndrome - PCS


Mayo Clinic

Long Term Effects of TBI / PCS Studies

This damage could lead to a stroke, blood clots or other problems. Headaches. Frequent headaches are very common after a traumatic brain injury.




Expert Studies:

Deborah E. Barnes, PhD, MPH1,2,3 - Research on TBI effects. 

Amy L. Byers, PhD, MPH1,2,3 - Research on TBI effects. 

Raquel C. Gardner, MD1,4 - Research on TBI effects. 

DR Yaffe Study on TBI - Research on TBI effects. 


Work In-Progress

Jama Network - Study on TBI


Optical Neuropathy after Mild TBI Study

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) had been proposed as a main risk factor of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with an estimated incidence ranging from 106 to 790 per 100000 people per year, and lead to subsequent neurological sequela and devastating disabilities []. A comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of the worldwide incidence of TBI also showed that the pooled annual incidence proportion for all ages was 295 per 100,000 (95% confidence interval: 274–317) []. The mild form of TBI had gained great importance due to extended awareness of the potential long-term detrimental effects of repeated concussive events, such as depressive disorder, cognitive impairment, neurodegenerative diseases, and a negative impact on multiple aspects of vision []. Patients with mild TBI might have abnormalities in saccades, pursuit, convergence, accommodation, and the vestibulo-ocular reflex, while moderate and severe TBI patients might have additional issues, such as ocular motor palsies, optic neuropathies, and orbital pathologies []. Depending on its location and severity, TBI could contribute to structural and functional damage to the cranial nerves, optic nerve tract or other circuitry, and occipital lobe [].



The Genius Within studies our brain's ability to pitch in with healthy parts to help out the injured areas.  Visit this wonderful group.


Rethinking Concussion Treatment | Dr. Balaguru Ravi | TEDxBuffalo

Dr. Balaguru Ravi showcases his research on concussions and explains why our current thoughts on treatment may be outdated. Dr. Balaguru Ravi discusses a new evidence based treatment approach using subthreshold aerobic exercise for patients and athletes who suffer from concussions at TEDx Buffalo 2019.